Applied Behavior Analysis Principles
At Autism Home Support Services, we believe that every child can learn skills necessary to be successful. In order to achieve their full potential, children with Autism need people who understand their motivation and can break down goals into tasks that they can accomplish. Even complex behaviors can be analyzed to identify step-by-step ways to promote adaptive behavior and reduce maladaptive behaviors.
While there are varying applications of Applied Behavior Analysis, AHSS takes a holistic approach in implementing the core methodologies of Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA therapy, to build on a child’s skills and further develop capabilities. These methods include pairing and play, Discrete Trial Training (DTT), Pivotal Response Training, Natural Environment Teaching (NET), Verbal Behavior (VB), and more!
Applied behavior analysis, or ABA therapy, is the application of basic behavioral practices (positive reinforcement, teaching in small steps, prompting, and repeated practice) to facilitate the development of language, social interactions, independent living skills, and other aptitudes.
Originated by the scientific principles of Dr. B.F. Skinner in the 1960s, ABA methods gained popularity treating children with autism in the 1980s. ABA is proven to be the most effective method to teach children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities (Read the research). ABA practices have been endorsed by the Surgeon General, the National Institute of Health (NIH), and the Association for Science in Autism Research.
ABA can be used to teach a variety of skills and positive behaviors, including:
- Positive Peer Interactions
- Self-Help Skills (toileting, dressing, bathing, etc.)
- Fine and Gross Motor Skills
- Play and Leisure Skills
- Life Skills
- Vocational Skills
ABA methodology is also effective in decreasing challenging behaviors such as noncompliance, tantrums, bed-wetting, feeding problems, aggression, and self-injury.
We’ve been working with a little guy. When we started, he had very limited vocal sounds, he would not attempt to feed himself, and his meals were supplemented with milk through a bottle. Today, he is asking for help, using three word approximations for “I want [item],” is eating his meals independently, is off a bottle, and is starting to eat new foods such as eggs and bananas. He has come a long way in such a short time and I cannot wait to see what the upcoming months have in store for him.Stephanie Howard, BCBA Specialist, AHSS